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Thread: Police misconduct may spread like a contagion

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    Default Police misconduct may spread like a contagion

    https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019...study-suggests


    Police misconduct may spread like a contagion, new study suggests

    By Catherine MatacicMay. 27, 2019 , 11:00 AM

    In the late 1990s, Los Angeles Police Department detectives in California uncovered one of the biggest policing scandals in modern U.S. history. More than 70 officers in the antigang unit of the city’s Rampart Division were accused of stealing drugs, robbing banks, beating suspects, framing defendants, and—in a separate civil suit—conspiring to murder rapper Christopher Wallace, aka The Notorious B.I.G. Researchers have long studied patterns of misconduct in such “rogue units,” to see whether they can identify how misbehavior spreads from one officer to another. Now, a team of economists says it has gone even further and measured, for the first time, the influence that misbehaving officers have on one other.

    The approach is “promising,” says Robert Worden, a political scientist who studies criminal justice at the State University of New York in Albany, who was not involved with the work. But he’s skeptical that it reveals anything about how police misconduct really spreads. “It’s really hard to pull together that kind of data,” he says. “There’s no magic bullet.”

    To find out how co-workers and friends influence each other, researchers typically look for patterns in the data: If a person has many obese friends, for example, there’s a good likelihood that they will gain weight. Dozens of studies have uncovered this kind of “peer network” effect for everything from smoking rates to test scores to productivity. (One study shows a whopping 12% increase in productivity when workers are surrounded by hard-toiling colleagues.) But these studies all share a weakness—even though they can show how people change in the presence of others, they cannot ultimately explain what caused the changes.

    Edika Quispe-Torreblanca didn’t set out to pin down that causal link. Instead, the economist at the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom—then a graduate student at the University of Warwick in the United Kingdom—was invited to look for trends in 4 years’ worth of data from London’s Metropolitan Police Service. When she and her adviser, University of Warwick economist Neil Stewart, asked the deputy commissioner what the department worried about most, the answer was simple: misconduct.

    “Legitimacy is crucial for the police,” Quispe-Torreblanca says. Stewart puts it more bluntly: Everybody—janitors, electricians, professors—cheats a little bit. But, “There aren’t many people with the power to imprison somebody. If you’re going to give people that kind of power, you don’t want them abusing it.”

    To find out how “bad apple” officers affected their colleagues’ behavior, Quispe-Torreblanca and Stewart pored through the personnel files of 35,924 officers and staff, of whom nearly 15,000 had at least one complaint lodged against them. Some complaints were serious. Others involved improper logging of evidence or use of computer databases to do things like “looking up your sister’s new boyfriend to see if he’s a decent sort of chap,” Stewart says.

    To show true causation, the pair couldn’t simply log all cases of coincident bad behavior. It’s possible, for example, that staffers with certain personality traits would gravitate toward certain units, or that a specific environment—such as a high-crime neighborhood—might make officers more likely to engage in misconduct.

    So the researchers came up with what Stewart calls an econometric “trick.” For every person in the database who had served with different sets of colleagues, the researchers looked at two things: the numbers of complaints lodged against the person’s first and second group of co-workers. If the numbers were higher than the average across the entire data set and went up in lockstep as an officer moved from the first to the second group, the researchers could assume the relationship was causal—and that the linking officer was somehow responsible.

    Sure enough, the scientists found that for every 10% increase in complaints against the first set of colleagues, complaints against the second set of colleagues went up by nearly 8%, they report today in Nature Human Behavior. That means that “police misconduct spreads … like a contagion,” writes Ojmarrh Mitchell, a criminologist at the University of South Florida in Tampa, in an accompanying editorial.

    But Worden says the underlying complaint data make teasing out solid results impossible. “[The researchers] treat all complaints the same regardless of the source … or charge,” he says, noting that some complaints are unsubstantiated, whereas other instances of bad behavior may never make it into the database.

    In addition, he doubts that experienced officers would be as susceptible to peer effects as their younger colleagues. “The socialization that officers undergo is more intense in their first year on the job. … By the time they’ve been on the job 3 to 5 years, they seem comfortable with their work.” So the authors’ argument, he says, “just doesn’t entirely ring true for me.”

    Nevertheless, Stewart says the new method could be used to study all sorts of other questions about peer effects, including how political attitudes spread through social networks. But for now, he and Quispe-Torreblanca are focused on an upcoming visit to discuss their results with Scotland Yard: “I’m not sure there’s an earth-shattering result that will cause the police to change everything they do,” Stewart says. “But they’re all very keen to have no misconduct.”
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    Sociology

    doi:10.1126/science.aay1604
    Fight for your health.

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    It already has...Traffic cop gets done for drink driving (convicted) Cop runs over pedestrian on zebra crossing (acquitted) of death by dangerous driving, police steal cash and belongings during raid on property (convicted) That's just a few examples in the last few months round my way....They are as corrupt as the bastards who govern them...


    Regards BL

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    Quote Originally Posted by Bud Lightyear View Post
    It already has...Traffic cop gets done for drink driving (convicted) Cop runs over pedestrian on zebra crossing (acquitted) of death by dangerous driving, police steal cash and belongings during raid on property (convicted) That's just a few examples in the last few months round my way....They are as corrupt as the bastards who govern them...


    Regards BL
    Check this shit out lad and ladys.....

    We know a women whos hubby is counterterrorism right....
    Welll.....
    I don't know the fuckers myself but we know coz of kids school...

    So my lads teacher at nursery her hubby is a copper at thr same nick as matey thats from CT...
    So CT copper dude turns up for his shift and my boys teachers hubby is getting cuffed in the squad room or whatever they call it and is escorted to the cells.

    Turns out hes been using the police database for contacting vunerable women and harassing them for sex....

    So yeah they just as dodgy as the next man

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    Haven't ya watched "Line of duty"
    Why do you think they are called the filth


    in a green and pleasant land

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    Fuckin pigs alright

    Here They passed a law . Alllwing pigs to Come into your house without warrant up to two hours after you have been driving if there has been a complaint about your driving .... well guess what the pigs are doing .

    People being arrested and jailed . Not for driving drunk per se . But for havin a drink or toke AFTER driving in their homes ffs .

    Plenty of folks have been arrested from lil old medical marijuana grannies to soccer moms sipping wine after a soccer game . Fuckin dirty cocksucking pigs i tell ya .

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    Everywhere you go except the Talk....




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    Old mate of mines dad was drug squad in the early 90's...bent as fuck, we bought loads off him...pretty obvious where it came from

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    Whilst we are on the subject... Just sharing:

    https://www.patreon.com/posts/truth-...ULQEjsBUzFbSuI

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    Quote Originally Posted by AND View Post
    Old mate of mines dad was drug squad in the early 90's...bent as fuck, we bought loads off him...pretty obvious where it came from
    Yea we had one of those also . An OPP biker taskforce Narc squad . Takin baggies .. no no .... KILOS off the street jailing folks and powder went straight up his nose !! Unfawking real .

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    Quote Originally Posted by Gaz View Post
    Everywhere you go except the Talk....




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    Haha not even the Talk is immune to dumb ass cunts Gaz lol . We got our fair share . Well we had some anywase lol

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    Quote Originally Posted by Trex View Post
    Haha not even the Talk is immune to dumb ass cunts Gaz lol . We got our fair share . Well we had some anywase lol

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    Nah am still here Trex

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